Acid reflux occurs when the lower esophageal sphincter is not working properly and allows acid from the stomach to move back up into the esophagus.
Anal fissures are very tiny tears in the tissue lining the anus that can result in pain, discomfort, bloody stools, and anal sphincter muscle spasms.
Anemia, often caused by iron deficiency, occurs when there isn’t enough oxygen being sent through the body due to a lack of healthy red blood cells.
Barrett’s esophagus, a GERD complication, occurs when the tissue lining the esophagus starts to mirror the tissue of the GI tract.
Biliary obstructions can happen when one or more bile ducts become blocked and bile is not able to move as needed throughout your biliary system.
C. Difficile Colitis
C. difficile colitis results from a bacterium, clostridioides difficile, infecting the body and causing inflammation within the large intestines.
Celiac disease is a genetically inherited condition that causes the digestive system to react negatively when items containing gluten are consumed.
Colitis refers to the generalized inflammation of the lining of the large intestine which can be caused by conditions such as IBD and Crohn’s disease.
Colon cancer occurs when harmless polyps develop into malignant masses. A colonoscopy is key in treating polyps and preventing colorectal cancer.
Colorectal polyps are benign masses of cells found on the lining of the colon or rectum. In time, these cells can become cancerous if left untreated.
Crohn's disease can affect any portion of the digestive tract but generally targets the small bowel and colon and manifests as painful inflammation.
Cyclic Vomiting Syndrome (CVS)
Cyclic vomiting syndrome presents as sudden episodes of severe nausea and vomiting that are repeated multiple times in a day with no known cause.
Diverticulitis occurs as a complication of the condition diverticulosis, where the diverticula pouches have now become infected and begun to swell.
Diverticulosis is a precursor to diverticulitis. This mild condition forms small pockets (called diverticula) that push through the intestinal lining.
Dysphagia occurs when muscle spasms or other internal issues cause someone to have difficulty swallowing or be unable to ingest foods and liquids.
Eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) is a condition that occurs due to the accumulation of eosinophil cells in the esophageal lining, causing inflammation.
Esophageal Motility Disorder
Esophageal motility disorder describes the failure of the muscles in the esophagus to properly contract and transport consumed items to the stomach.
Esophagitis refers to the generalized inflammation of the esophagus, which can be caused by allergies, infection, acid, or preexisting conditions.
Fatty Liver Disease
Fatty liver disease is characterized by the accumulation of fat on the liver cells which, if left untreated, can lead to cirrhosis and liver failure.
A fistula is a tunnel or pathway between two hollow organs within the body. Fistulae can be medically induced or formed due to an injury or disease.
A food intolerance is a condition where certain foods cannot be broken down and processed properly by the digestive system, resulting in GI symptoms.
Gallbladder disease is a term describing any condition negatively affecting the gallbladder such as gallstones, cholecystitis, or biliary dyskinesia.
Gastritis refers to the general inflammation of the lining that protects the stomach. Gastritis can increase one's risk for stomach ulcers and cancer.
Gastroesophageal reflux disease describes the recurrence of acid reflux on a more regular basis. Heartburn is one of the common symptoms of GERD.
Helicobacter pylori is a bacteria found specifically in the stomach. An H. pylori infection can create ulcers that will damage the stomach’s lining.
Hemorrhoids are veins that become inflamed and protrude either internally in the rectum or externally on the anus, causing discomfort and bleeding.
Hepatitis is the inflammation or swelling of the liver. There are different variations of hepatitis, with hepatitis A, B, and C being the most common.
A hiatal hernia occurs when part of the stomach pushes up through the hiatus and into the chest cavity, causing issues like heartburn and acid reflux.
Iletis is a condition often caused by Crohn’s disease that presents as irritation or inflammation at the end of the small bowel, known as the ileum.
An impacted bowel often causes pain and bloating and occurs when gas or fecal matter is unable to be passed through the GI tract due to a blockage.
Inflammatory Bowel Disease
Inflammatory bowel disease describes swelling in your digestive tract. The two different types of IBD include ulcerative colitis and Crohn’s disease.
Irritable Bowel Syndrome
Irritable bowel syndrome causes persistent GI symptoms in the GI tract. IBS is a chronic condition that can often be managed with lifestyle changes.
Jaundice is characterized by a yellowish hue on the surface of the skin and in the whites of the eyes, and is caused by an excess of bilirubin.
Lactose intolerance is a common condition where the body cannot tolerate lactose due to a lack of an enzyme, lactase, being produced in the body.
Liver cirrhosis, also known as hepatic cirrhosis, occurs when the liver is inflamed and scarred. As more scarring occurs, liver function decreases.
Non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) is a more serious type of NAFLD that presents as fat accumulating on the liver combined with liver inflammation.
Pancreatitis occurs when the pancreas is inflamed and cannot function properly. It has many causes such as smoking, gallstones, infection, and trauma.
Peptic ulcer disease is a condition where ulcers or open sores form in the stomach or upper small intestine, causing discomfort, pain, and bleeding.
Primary Biliary Cholangitis
Primary biliary cholangitis (PBC) is a rare, chronic, autoimmune disease that will progressively damage the bile ducts leading to severe liver issues.
Primary Sclerosing Cholangitis
Primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC) is a chronic condition presenting as inflammation, narrowing, and damage of the internal and external bile ducts.
Ulcerative colitis is an IBD that causes ulcers and uncomfortable swelling in the inner lining of the colon. Symptoms can be managed with treatment.